A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Manu Park Panoan, Nahua, Parquenahua, Yoranahua, Yura

170 (Crevels 2007). Possibly another 400 uncontacted speakers on the Upper Piedras River (Crevels 2007). Ethnic population: 170 (Crevels 2007).


Ucayali and Cusco regions, Sepahua on Urubamba river, Serjali on upper Mishagua; Madre de Dios Region, Manu national park, on Upper Manu, Lower Cashpajali, and Panagua rivers.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Recognized language (1993, Constitution, Article 48).


None known. Reportedly similar to Yaminahua [yaa] and Sharanahua [mcd].


SOV; postpositions; genitives, relatives, adjectives before noun head numerals after noun head; maximum prefix, 1; maximum suffix, 7 or 8; noun affixes indicate case; verb affixes mark person and number; ergative; CV, CVC, V, VC; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. All ages. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: Below 5%. Bible portions: 2007–2012.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.