Malvi

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Malavi, Mallow, Malwada, Malwi, Ujjaini
Population

5,560,000 (2001 census). 1,110,000 monolinguals.

Location

Madhya Pradesh, Ujjain, Indore, Rathlam, Mandsaur, Rajgarh, Dewas, Shajapur, Nimuch, Sehore, Dhar, and Bhopal districts; Rajasthan, Jhalawar district. Sondwari dialect geographically isolated from the others.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Rajawadi, Sondwari (Sondhwadi, Soudhwari), Ujjaini (Avanthika, Malvi Proper), Umadwadi. Considered the standard variety, Southeastern Rajasthani Nimadi [noe] is reportedly most similar language with 70% intelligibility. 88%–92% intelligibility of Ujjaini dialect by other dialects. Lexical similarity: 65%–89% among dialects. A member of macrolanguage Rajasthani [raj].

Typology

SOV; nontonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, village, religion. Positive attitudes. 55% have high proficiency in Hindi [hin]; 20% have routine proficiency.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 58% for rural Madhya Pradesh (2001 census). Government project discontinued due to low response. Poetry. Radio programs. Dictionary. NT: 1826.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Hindu, Muslim.