Me’en

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A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Mekan, Men, Meqan, Mie’en, Mieken
Population

151,000 (2007 census), increasing. 6,990 Bodi (2005 SIL). 143,000 monolinguals. L2 users: 6,300.

Location

YeDebub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch State, Bench-Maji zone; highlanders (Banio) in Bachuma area; lowlanders (Koruwo) south; Bodi near Omo river.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Banio, Bodi (Mela, Podi), Koruwo. Lexical similarity: 65% with the Chai and Tirma dialects of Suri [suq], 30% with Murle [mur]. Lexical differences between highland and lowland.

Typology

SVO; postpositions; genitives, adjective, articles, and relatives follow noun heads; question word final; prefixes and suffixes; verbs inflected; tonal.

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Amharic [amh] is used in education and for reading the Bible. Used as L2 by Kwegu [xwg].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: More than 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 4%. Literates increasing. Amharic [amh] used in education and for reading the Bible. New media. Bible portions: 2008.
Writing

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used until 2009. Latin script [Latn], used since 2009, primary usage.

Other Comments

Ethnonym: Suro by the Kafa [kbr] and Bench [bcq]. ‘Tishena’ (Teshina, Teshenna, Tishana), hello, in Me’en [mym], is a name given by Amhara settlers and is not well-received. Ethnic autonym: Mela by Bodi. Traditional religion.