Me’en

Print

A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Mekan, Mela, Men, Meqan, Mie’en, Mieken, Suro, “Teshenna” (pej.), “Teshina” (pej.), “Tishana” (pej.), “Tishena” (pej.)
Population

151,000 (2010 UNSD), increasing. 5,770 Bodi (2010 UNSD). L2 users: 6,300. No monolinguals.

Location

Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region: Bench-Maji zone; highlanders (Banio) in Bachuma area; lowlanders (Koruwo) south; Bodi near Omo river.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Banio, Bodi (Mela, Podi), Koruwo. Lexical similarity: 65% with the Chai and Tirma dialects of Suri [suq], 30% with Murle [mur]. Lexical differences between highland and lowland.

Typology

SVO; postpositions; genitives, adjective, articles, and relatives follow noun heads; question word final; prefixes and suffixes; verbs inflected; tonal.

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Kwegu [xwg].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 4%. Literates increasing. Amharic [amh] used in education and for reading the Bible. Taught in primary schools in grades 1–3 as medium of instruction. Grade 4 materials in development. New media. Bible portions: 2008–2010.
Writing

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used until 2009. Latin script [Latn], used since 2009, primary usage.

Other Comments

Traditional religion.