36,700 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Population total all countries: 119,330. Ethnic population: 57,000 (2010 census).
Penzenskaya Oblast’, Orenburgskaya Oblast’, Samarskaya Oblast’,Ul’yanovskaya Oblast’, and Saratovskaya Oblast’.
None known. Quite different from Moksha [mdf].
Many children learn the language but most of them use it only with elderly relatives. Vitality higher in Eastern diaspora areas than in the Republic (Salminen 2007). Quite acculturated to national culture and Russian [rus].
Cyrillic script [Cyrl].
Christian, traditional religion.