3,270,000 (1993), decreasing. Some monolinguals in rural areas.
North near Caspian Sea, south half of Mazanderan Province.
Reportedly increased interest, but increasing desire for children to be educated and therefore be taught Iranian Persian [pes] as first language to better their opportunities. Home, market, work. Mainly adults. Neutral to positive attitudes. Many young people speak Iranian Persian [pes] as their first language; if a non-Mazandarani speaker is present, Iranian Persian is used.