3,270,000 (1993), decreasing. Some monolinguals in rural areas.
North near Caspian Sea, Mazandaran Province; also in Semnan and Golestan provinces.
Reportedly increased interest, but increasing desire for children to be educated and therefore be taught Iranian Persian [pes] as first language to better their opportunities. Home, market, work. Mainly adults. Neutral to positive attitudes. Many young people speak Iranian Persian [pes] as their first language; if one non-Mazandarani speaker is present, Iranian Persian is used.
Arabic script [Arab].