74 (2010 census). Only a few fully fluent (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 570.
Khabarovsk District, Kamenka and Im; Paulina Osipenko region; lower reaches of Amur river.
8b (Nearly extinct).
Seriously endangered (2000 A. Kibrik). Mainly older adults. Also use Russian [rus].
From 1950s–1980s the state sent children to boarding schools. Contacts and intermarriage with the Ulch, Nanai, and Nivkh in the Amur area. Traditional religion.