200 (2010 census). A few hundred active users (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 5,160.
Sakhalin island, Nekrasovka and Nogliki villages; Rybnoe, Moskalvo, Chir-Unvd, Viakhtu, and other villages; Amur river area, Aleyevka village.
Amur, East Sakhalin Gilyak, North Sakhalin Gilyak. Amur and East Sakhalin dialects have difficult inherent mutual intelligibility. North Sakhalin is between them linguistically.
Seriously endangered (2000 A. Kibrik). Forced resettlement weakened use. Some scattered without regular contact with other speakers. No younger speakers in Amur region and very few on Sakhalin (2007). Home. Mainly older adults. Neutral to mildly positive attitudes. Ethnic group bilingual or monolingual in Russian [rus].