No known L1 speakers.
South, upper Tapanahonij river.
9 (Second language only).
Used until 1960s by Ndyuka, Trio and Wayana peoples for trading. Increasing travel to the coast cut back on that trade, and also gave some opportunity to use Sranan [srn] in contact with the Ndyuka. Few Ndyuka men, even older ones, now know it. Used rarely now.