A language of Botswana

Alternate Names
Ng|amani, Tsasi

4,000 in Botswana (2002). Population total all countries: 4,200.


South Gantsi District, north Kgalagadi District, west Southern and Kweneng districts. Also in Namibia.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


!Kwi, Auni (|Auni, |Auo), Kakia (Masarwa), Ki|hazi, Ng|u||en (||U||en, |Nu||en, |U||en, Ng|u|ei, Nu||en), Nusan (Ng|usan, Noosan, Nu-San), Xatia (|Eikusi, |Kusi, Katia, Kattea, Khatia, Vaalpens).


SVO; prepositions; genitives, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word initial; 2 prefixes, 3 suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects; verb affixes mark number, gender of subject and object, and is obligatory; passives; reduplication on periphrastics for causatives; periphrastic comparatives; CV, CVV, CVCV; tonal

Language Use

People older than 10 who have been to school or have lived with speakers of other languages also use Tswana [tsn], Kgalagadi [xkv], Herero [her], Naro [nhr], or |Gwi [gwj].

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Nusan are in Botswana. Nu||en dialect is extinct. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All