A language of Togo

Alternate Names
Losso, Losu, Naoudem, Naudm, Nawdam

146,000 in Togo. 5% monolingual.


Kara Region, Doufelgou prefecture, Niamtougou area; Central and Plateaux regions, Sotouboua, Ogou, and Haho prefectures; important minority in Lomé. Also in Ghana.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Central Nawdm (Bana’, Tenega), East Nawdm (Siou Canton), West Nawdm (Baga, Koka, Niamtougou). Similar to Yom [pil].


SVO; postpositions; noun head initial; 13 noun classes; verbal system based on aspect, not tense; 24 consonant phonemes; 7 vowel phonemes; tonal

Language Use

Vigorous, but codeswitching with French occurs. All domains except at school. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use French [fra], Ewe [ewe], Kabiye [kbp], Lama [las].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Poetry. Grammar. Bible portions: 1992–2010.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Exonym: Losso. L1 speakers may use this term with outsiders. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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