Nande

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Alternate Names
Banande, Bayira, Kinande, Kinandi, Nandi, Ndande, Ndandi, Northern Nande, Orundande
Population

903,000 (1991 UBS).

Location

Nord-Kivu Province, mainly Beni and Lubero territories; some in southeastern Orientale Province.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Ekisongoora (Nyangala, Songola), Kumbule (Ekikumbule), Mate (Ekimate), Nande, Sanza (Ekisanza), Shu (Ekishu), Swaga (Ekikira, Ekiswaga), Tangi (Ekitangi), Yira (Ekiyira). Lexical similarity: 75% with Konzo [koo]; 65% with Hunde [hke]; 55% with Tembo [tmv] and Shi [shr]; 45% with Nyoro [nyo], Nyanga [nyj], and Lega-Shabunda [lea]; 40% with Talinga-Bwisi [tlj]; 30% with Bhele [bhy]; 25% with Amba [rwm].

Language Use

Used as L2 by Bhele [bhy].

Language Development
Bible: 1980–1996.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The Konzo (Bakonzo) in Uganda and Nande (Banande) in Democratic Republic of the Congo feel very much one people, Ethnic autonym: Bayira. They believe they originate from the Ruwenzori Mountains—the mountains belong to them and they to the mountains. This plays a very important role in their traditions and self-image. Christian.