11,100,000 in Nepal (2001 census), increasing. Population total all countries: 14,160,100.
East and adjacent south central regions. Also in Bhutan, Brunei, India, United States.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Interim Constitution, 2063, Article 5(2)).
Acchami, Baitadeli (Baitadi), Bajhangi, Bajurali (Bajura), Bheri, Dailekhi, Darchulali (Darjula), Darchuli (Darjula), Gandakeli, Humli, Purbeli, Soradi. Similar to Dotyali [dty]. Dialects listed may be quite distinct from standard Nepali. Intelligibility is also low among Baitadeli, Bajhangi, Bajurali (Bajura), Humli, and Acchami.
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 11 noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; 1 prefix, up to 5 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person, number and gender of subject; split ergativity; both tense and aspect; passives and voice; nontonal; 29 consonant and 11 vowel phonemes
All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.
Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim, Christian.