Narua

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Eastern Naxi, Moso, Mosso, Mosuo, Na, Naru, Nazu
Population

47,000 (2010 SIL). Ethnic population: 47,000.

Location

Sichuan and Yunnan provinces border area near Lugu lake, Ninglang Yi autonomous county, Muli Tibetan autonomous county and Yanuyuan county.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Mongolian. Sichuan Province speakers assigned to the Mongolian nationality. Language of recognized nationality: Naxi. Yunnan Province speakers officially classified within Naxi nationality.

Dialects

None known. Lexical similarity: 40%–60% with Naxi [nxq].

Typology

SOV; prolific compounding; some prefixing; noun classes; noun heads NP; some vowel harmony; approx 38 Cs, 14 Vs, including some nasalised vowels; tonal.

Language Use

Frequent. Home, village, friends. All ages. Also use local Chinese dialect [cmn]; written Chinese in common use. Also use Northern Pumi [pmi], Nuosu [iii]. Used as L2 by Central Tibetan [bod], Northern Pumi [pmi], Nuosu [iii].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%. Literacy rate in L2: Most under age 40 literate in Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Grammar.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Buddhist, traditional religion.