969,000 in Viet Nam (2009 census). Ethnic population: 969,000 (2009 census).
Mainly Cao Bang and Lang Son provinces; Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai, Lam Dòng, and Dak Lak. Also in Canada, Laos, United States.
Giang, Khen Lài, Nùng An, Nùng Cháo, Nùng Inh, Nùng Lòi, Nùng Phan Slình (Nùng Fan Slihng), Nùng Qúy Rin (Guiren), Xuòng. Similar to Tày [tyz].
Ethnic group members preserved the language and culture more than the Tày.
Different from Chinese Nung [yue] (Cantonese). Nùng is an official ethnic community.