Occitan

Print

A language of France

Alternate Names
Occitani
Population

1,940,000 in France. Population total all countries: 2,048,310.

Location

Auvergne, Gascogne, Languedoc, Limousin, and Provence provinces. Also in Italy, Monaco, Spain (Aranese Gascon).

Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Auvergnat (Auverne, Auvernhas), Gascon, Languedocien (Langadoc, Languedoc, Lengadoucian), Limousin (Lemosin), Provençal (Alpine Provençal, Mistralien, Prouvençau, Provençal). Highly fragmented dialect situation, with limited intelligibility between some varieties.

Language Use

Home, (rural) community. Few children learn the language. Positive attitudes. Also use French [fra].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 99%. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Bible portions: 1583–1983.
Writing
Latin script.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All