Occitan

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A language of France

Alternate Names
Occitani
Population

110,000 in France (Bernissan 2012). Population total all countries: 218,310.

Location

Aquitaine, Midi-Pyrénées, and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur regions: Languedoc-Roussillon except for Pyrenees-Orientales department; Auvergne region: Puy-de-Dome, Cantal, and Haute-Loire departments; Rhône-Alpes region: Loire, Drome, Isere, and Ardeche departments; Limousin region: Haute-Vienne and Correze departments; Poitou-Charentes region: Charentes department.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Auvergnat (Auverne, Auvernhas), Gascon, Languedocien (Langadoc, Languedoc, Lengadoucian), Limousin (Lemosin), Provençal (Alpine Provençal, Mistralien, Prouvençau, Provençal). Highly fragmented dialect situation, with limited intelligibility between some varieties.

Language Use

Children who learn it in school cannot communicate in Occitan with their parents (2012). Home, (rural) community. Few children learn the language. Positive attitudes. Also use French [fra].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 99%. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Bible: 2013.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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