600,000 (2000 Liang Min). 350,000 Lincheng, 170,000 Qiongshan. No monolinguals.
Hainan province: Lingao county, parts of Chengmai, Danxian, and Qiongshan counties on north central coast; Haikou city suburbs.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Han.
Lincheng (Lingao Proper-Dengmai), Qiongshan.
Vigorous. Other speakers in the area use it. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Min Nan Chinese [nan].
Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.