32,100,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 32,137,290.
Odisha, Jharkhand, Singhbhum, and Ranchi districts; Chhattisgarh, Raigarh, Raipur, and Bastar districts; West Bengal, Medinipur (Midnapore) district; Assam; Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam district. Also in Bangladesh, United States.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Odisha State (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).