Odia

Print

A language of India

Alternate Names
Odisha, Odri, Odrum, Oliya, Oriya, Uriya, Utkali, Vadiya, Yudhia
Population

32,100,000 in India (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 32,137,870.

Location

Odisha, Jharkhand, Singhbhum, and Ranchi districts; Chhattisgarh, Raigarh, Raipur, and Bastar districts; West Bengal, Medinipur (Midnapore) district; Assam; Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam district.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Odisha State (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Dialects

Mughalbandi (Odia Proper, Standard Odia), Southern Odia, Northwestern Odia, Western Odia (Sambalpuri), North Balasore Odia, Midnapore Odia, Halbi. Lexical similarity: 75%–76% with Sambalpuri [spv], 68% with Kamar [keq]. A member of macrolanguage Oriya [ori].

Typology

SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); no articles; case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense and aspect; 22 consonant and 11 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Bhatri [bgw], Birhor [biy], Bodo Gadaba [gbj], Chhattisgarhi [hne], Duruwa [pci], Eastern Muria [emu], Gata’ [gaq], Ho [hoc], Juang [jun], Kharia [khr], Kharia Thar [ksy], Kisan [xis], Konda-Dora [kfc], Kudmali [kyw], Lodhi [lbm], Mahali [mjx], Mirgan [zrg], Pengo [peg], Sadri [sck].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 64% (2001 census). Literacy rate in L2: 64% (2001 census). Fully developed. Bible: 1815–2004.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Oriya script [Orya], primary usage.

Other Comments

Hindu.