1,900,000 in Philippines (1990 census). Population total all countries: 1,905,430.
Luzon, southern half, Tarlac Province; most of Pampanga Province west of Pampanga river; southwest Nueva Ecija Province; and Zambales Province, scattered areas along eastern border.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Pampanga and 2 other Luzon provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)).
Dominant language in Pampanga Province. Used as L2 by Mag-Indi Ayta [blx].