28,200,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 29,514,770.
Punjab state: Rajasthan, north Ganganagar district; Himachal Pradesh state: Kangra and Una districts; Jammu and Kashmir state: Kathua, Samba, and Jambu districts; Haryana state: Ambala and Pauchkula districts; Chandigarh state; Majhi dialect in Punjab state: Gurdaspur and Amritsar districts.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Punjab, West Bengal states; union territories Delhi, Chandigarh (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).
Bathi, Bhatyiana (Bhatneri, Bhatti), Doab, Majhi, Malwa, Powadhi (Puadi), Punjabi Proper (Panjabi Proper). Western Punjabi [pnb] is distinct from Eastern Punjabi, although there is a chain of dialects to Western Hindi (Urdu) [urd]. Bhatyiana dialect considered a mixture of Punjabi and Marwari [mve]. Majhi considered the purest Punjabi form (Grierson and Konow 1903–1928).
Associated with Sikhs. Different from Majhi [mjz] in India and Nepal. Sikh, Muslim (Bhatneri).