Pawnee

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A language of United States

Population

10 (Golla 2007). 79 (2000 census). Ethnic population: 2,500 (Golla 2007).

Location

North central Oklahoma.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).

Dialects

Skiri (Skidi), South Band. Similar to Arikara [ari], but not inherently intelligible with it. Kitsai [kii] is between Pawnee [oma] and Wichita [wic], but more similar to Pawnee.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Older adults.

Language Development
Pawnee Nation is developing teaching materials for the local high school and adult education (2007).
Other Comments

Extensive documentary materials archived at American Indian Studies Research Institute.