6,000,000 in Afghanistan (2008). Population total all countries: 10,780,000.
Kandahar area; Zabul, Kandahar, Uruzgan, Helmand, Nimroz, Farah, Herat, and Badghis provinces.
1 (National). Statutory national language (2004, Constitution, Article 16(1)).
Durani. Lexical similarity: 80% between northern and southern varieties of Pashto. A member of macrolanguage Pushto [pus].
Afghan government has worked since 1930s to standardize and publicize it. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Only those who are educated or have business in Dari-speaking provinces are bilingual in Dari [prs]. Some have spent time in Pakistan and are bilingual in Urdu [urd]; otherwise, speakers are monolingual.
Arabic script [Arab].