6,000,000 in Afghanistan (2008). Population total all countries: 7,590,100.
Kandahar area; Zabul, Kandahar, Uruzgan, Helmand, Nimroz, Farah, Herat, and Badghis provinces. Also in Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom.
1 (National). Statutory national language (2004, Constitution, Article 16(1)).
Durani. Lexical similarity: 80% between northern and southern varieties of Pashto.
Afghan government has worked since 1930s to standardize and publicize it. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Only those who are educated or have business in Dari-speaking provinces are bilingual in Dari [prs]; some have spent time in Pakistan and are bilingual in Urdu [urd]; otherwise, speakers are monolingual.