18,700,000 in Pakistan (2013 SIL). Ethnic population: Possibly 49,600,000 Pashto in all countries. Total users in all countries: 21,038,000.
Afghanistan border; most of North-West Frontier Province, Peshawar district and Yusufzai area; Federally Administered Tribal Areas Province, mainly central and northern areas; into Punjab Province, Mianwali district.
Ningraharian Pashto, Northeastern Pashto, Eastern Afghan Pashto. Much similarity with Northwestern Pashto in Afghanistan. Subdialects of Northeastern Pashto are Kohat (Khatak), Yusufzai (Peshawar), Afridi, Shinwari, Mohmand, Shilmani. Lexical similarity: 80% between Northeastern and Southwestern Pashto. A member of macrolanguage Pushto [pus].
SOV; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine); no articles; case-marking (3 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives; tense and aspect; causatives.