243,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 247,000.
Meghalaya, Khasi and Jaintia hills, north of War Jaintia; Mizoram, north Aizawl district; Assam, North Cachar hills, Jatinga, Borolokha, and Dibruchera; Karbi Anglong district, Ulukunchi. Also in Bangladesh.
Jaintia (Synteng), Nongtung. Formerly considered a dialect of Khasi [kha]. Jaintia dialect has 12 spoken forms: Jowai, Shangpung, Batau, Raliang, Sutnga, Sumer, Nartiang, Barato, Rymbai, Lakadong, Mynso, and Nongtalang. All are intelligible, except for Nongtalang, which is akin to Central Khmer [khm]. Jowai is standard spoken form. Lexical similarity: 68% with standard Khasi.
A Scheduled Tribe. Christian.