A language of China

Alternate Names
Bo-I, Bui, Buyei, Buyi, Buyui, Chung-Chia, Dioi, Giay, Pui, Pu-I, Pujai, Pu-Jui, Puyi, Puyoi, Shuihu, Tujia, Zhongjia

2,600,000 in China (2000 census). Population total all countries: 2,649,200. Ethnic population: 2,945,000 (2000 census).


Guizhou-Yunnan plateau, mainly Buyi-Miao and Miao-Dong autonomous prefectures, Zhenning and Guanling counties, south and southwest Guizhou; Yunnan Province, Luoping county; Sichuan Province, Ningnan and Huidong counties. Also in France (Giáy), Viet Nam (Giáy).

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Qiannan (Bouyei 1, Southern Guizhou), Qianxi (Bouyei 3, Western Guizhou), Qianzhong (Bouyei 2, Central Guizhou).


SVO; modifiers follow heads; highly monosyllabic; tonal, 6 tone categories in open syllables and 4 in closed syllables

Language Use

Vigorous. Rare oral use in local administration, commerce, education. All ages. Also use Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Very low. Literacy rate in L2: 76% (2000 census). Poetry. Films. Dictionary.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Officially classified within Bouyei nationality. Ethnonym: Giay in Viet Nam. Quinnan hua (Quinnan speech) also refers to a dialect of southwestern Mandarin spoken in Guizhou, and should not be confused with the Qiannan Bouyei dialect. Traditional religion, Daoist, Buddhist.

Also spoken in:

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