258,000 in Myanmar (2000). Population total all countries: 272,000.
South Shan State, near Kalaw; north Shan State, Kyawkme area; Lashio to the China border; Lashio east to the Salween; Kokaing area villages east of Salween river.
Pale, Rulai. Rulai dialect near Lashio has regular phonological changes and some lexical difference from Ruching.
Myanmar (Burmese) script [Mymr].
Kalaw dialect tends toward loss of final consonants, could be moving to develop tones. Tense vowels change into glides with a palatal final in the Pale variety. Buddhist, traditional religion.