Paliyan

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Makkal, Malai Paliyar, Palani, Palaya, Palayan, Paliyar, Palleyan, Palliyar, Poliyar, Seramar, Tamil
Population

9,520 (2001 census).

Location

Kerala, Idukki district, Pirmed tahsil, Kumily, Vandanmedu, and Chakkupallam panchayats; Ernakulam and Kottayam districts; Tamil Nadu, Dindigul, Madurai, Ramanathapuram, Thanjavur, Pudukkottai, Tirunelveli, and Coimbatore districts; Karnataka.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Mala Pulayan (Hill Pulaya, Karavazhi). Lexical similarity: 71%–75% with Tamil [tam], 62%–65% with Malayalam [mal], 79%–85% with Mala Pulayan [pcf].

Language Use

Speakers have high proficiency in Tamil [tam]. Some also use Malayalam [mal].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 44%–62% in Kerala, 50% for Hill Pulaya (2001 census).
Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Paliya and Mala Pulaya refer to L1 as Tamil [tam], though it differs from standard Tamil. Traditional religion, Hindu, Christian.