Duruwa

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Dhruva, Dhurwa, Durva, Paraja, Parajhi, Parjhi, Parji, Tagara, Thakara, Tugara
Population

51,200 (2001 census). Ethnic population: 100,000 (1986); 65% in Bastar, 35% in Koraput.

Location

Chhattisgarh, Bastar district, southeast Jagdalpur tahsil; Odisha, Koraput district.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Dharba, Kukanar, Nethanar, Tiriya. Nethanar dialect is central. Lexical similarity: 90%-96% with dialects, 70%-82% with Halbi [hlb].

Language Use

Madiya [mrr] speak Duruwa to communicate with the Dhurwa people. Also use Halbi [hlb]. A few also use Oriya [ory], Bhatri [bgw] (northern Bastar District), or Hindi [hin]. Mostly those educated know Hindi.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%.
Writing
Devanagari script. Oriya script.
Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Ethnonym: Dhurwa. Glossonym: Parji. Traditional religion.