Pidgin, Nigerian


A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Broken English, Brokin, Brokun, Nigerian Creole English, Nigerian Pidgin English

30,000,000 including L1 and L2 speakers.


Southern states; northern states in Sabon Garis; coastal and urban areas.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).


Benin Pidgin, Cross River Pidgin, Delta Pidgin, Lagos Pidgin. No unified standard. Dialects may be very different from each other. Partially intelligible with Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone and Cameroon Pidgin [wes].

Language Use

Increasing in importance and use. A creole with native speakers; also a pidgin between Africans and Europeans, and Africans from different languages. Used as L2 by Abanyom [abm], Bete-Bendi [btt], Efutop [ofu], Ekajuk [eka], Esan [ish], Iceve-Maci [bec], Nde-Nsele-Nta [ndd], Nkem-Nkum [isi], Nnam [nbp], Obanliku [bzy], Ogbah [ogc], Utugwang-Irungene-Afrike [afe].

Language Development
Poetry. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1957.

Latin script [Latn], used since 2002.