Kayan

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A language of Myanmar

Alternate Names
Kayang, Ka-Yun, Lahwi, “Long-Necked Karen” (pej.), “Padaung” (pej.), “Padaung Karen” (pej.)
Population

133,000 in Myanmar (2005 E. Phan). Population total all countries: 133,180.

Location

South Shan State, Pekon township; northwest Kayah State; Kayin State, Thandaung township; Mandalay Region, Pyinmana township. Kayan Lahwi dialect: Kayah State, Lahwi and northwest Dimawso; Shan State, south Pekon. Kayan Kangan dialect: northwest Kayah State, Dimawso area.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Kayan Kangan (Yeinbaw, Yinbaw), Kayan Lahwi, Standard Pekon. Significant dialectal variation. Most seem to understand standard Pekon (prestige) dialect. Lexical similarity: more than 90% among dialects, 71%–76% with Lahta [kvt].

Language Use

Vigorous in most areas, but in some larger towns, children are no longer learning it. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Other religions also use Burmese [mya]. 15,000 also use S’gaw Karen [ksw]. Used as L2 by Lahta [kvt], Zayein [kxk].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Below 5%. Literacy classes in some communities. Poetry. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2009–2011.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian (Roman Catholic), Buddhist, Christian (Protestant).