Persian, Iranian


A language of Iran

Alternate Names
New Persian, Parsi, Persian, West Persian

45,000,000 in Iran (2011), increasing. 800,000 Eastern Farsi in Khorasan speak dialects which are transitional with Iranian Persian. Population total all countries: 47,045,100.


Widespread. Most concentrated in central, south central, and northeast. Also in Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, India, Iraq, Israel, Netherlands, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1979, Constitution, Article 15).


Abadani, Araki, Bandari, Basseri, Esfahani, Kashani, Kermani, Ketabi, Mahalhamadani, Mashadi (Meshed), Old Shirazi, Qazvini, Sedehi, Shahrudi Kazeruni, Shirazi, Shirazjahromi, Tehrani, Yazdi. Literary language virtually identical in Iran and Afghanistan, with very minor lexical differences. Dialect shading into Dari [prs] in Afghanistan and Tajiki [tgk] in Tajikistan. Many dialects may be separate languages.



Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Some also use English [eng] or Azerbaijani [azb].

Language Development
Taught in primary and secondary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1838–1995.
Arabic script.
Other Comments

Muslim (Shi’a), Baha’i, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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