A language of China

Alternate Names
Baheng, Bahengmai, Man Pa Seng, Meo Lai, Pa Hng, Pa Ngng, Pa Then, Paheng, Tóng

26,800 in China (McConnell 1995). 10,000 monolinguals. 45,000 total ethnic population in China and Vietnam (Bradley 2007). Population total all countries: 33,610. Ethnic population: 26,800 in China.


Guizhou Province, Liping and Congjiang counties; northeast Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Rongshui, Sanjiang, Longsheng, Rong’an, and Lingui counties. Also in Viet Nam.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Northern Pa-Hng, Southern Pa-Hng.


SVO; uvular onsets; no nasal-final syllables but has nasalized vowels

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Positive attitudes. Also use Hmong Njua [hnj], Dong [doc], Mandarin Chinese [cmn] (Bradley 2007).

Language Development
Other Comments

Officially classified within Yao nationality. Official ethnic community in Viet Nam, although the variety spoken there may be a distinct language. Daoist.

Also spoken in:

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