26,800 in China (McConnell 1995). 10,000 monolinguals. 45,000 total ethnic population in China and Vietnam (Bradley 2007). Population total all countries: 33,610. Ethnic population: 26,800 in China.
Guizhou Province, Liping and Congjiang counties; northeast Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Rongshui, Sanjiang, Longsheng, Rong’an, and Lingui counties. Also in Viet Nam.
Northern Pa-Hng, Southern Pa-Hng.
SVO; uvular onsets; no nasal-final syllables but has nasalized vowels
Officially classified within Yao nationality. Official ethnic community in Viet Nam, although the variety spoken there may be a distinct language. Daoist.