Pahari-Potwari

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Chibhali, Dhundi-Kairali, Pothohari, Potohari, Potwari
Population

2,500,000 (Lothers and Lothers 2007).

Location

Pahari: Rawalpindi, Murree Hills, and east in Azad Kashmir (Poonchi (Punchhi) and Chibhali); north in the lower half of the Neelum Valley. Potwari: Pothwar Plateau, from Rawalpindi to Gujar Khan and south to Jhelum. Mirpuri: southern Azad Kashmir.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Chibhali, Mirpuri, Pahari (Dhundi-Kairali), Pothwari (Potwari), Punchhi (Poonchi). ’Pahari’, hill language; Potwari is the language of the Pothwar Plateau. A chain of related varieties with Punjabi [pnb], Hindko [hno] [hnd], and Saraiki [skr], also called Greater Panjabi. Degree of similarity to Western Pahari varieties in India unknown. Lexical similarity: 76%–84% among varieties called, Pahari, Potwari, and some called Hindko in Mansehra, Muzzaffarabad, and Mirpuri in Jammu. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah].

Writing

Arabic script [Arab], Nastaliq style.

Other Comments

Muslim.