Pahari-Potwari

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Review of Classification of Pahari-Potwari/Potohari

Shahid Khan-Malyarzoi, Wed, 2016-01-27 04:58
Regarding: 
Classification
ISO 639-3: 
phr
Have you reviewed the classification of Pahari-Potwari? Classifying Pahari-Potohari in the Northwestern branch of Indo-Aryan languages as it is now. However, as a separate branch from Lahnda, etc. The Pahari of Azad Jammu and Kashmir has many Dardic characteristics. Potwari has similarities with the Pahari of Pakistan-administered Azad Jammu and Kashmir. However, the Pahari of Azad Jammu and Kashmir also has similarities with Western Pahari languages such as Dogri. Dogri used to be classified as a Punjabi language. The Dogra community opposed this and now it is classified correctly as Western Pahari. Also, the term "Lahnda" should be used for Punjabi spoken in Pakistan's Province of Punjab, excluding the Potohar Plateau. I am willing to provide more evidence. Thank you

Pahari-Potwari

Shahid Khan-Malyarzoi, Fri, 2015-09-04 10:23
Regarding: 
Other Comments
ISO 639-3: 
phr

I believe the Pahari of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (Mirpuri dialect in particular) and Pothwari should be re-assessed. Lahnda (Western Punjabi) grammar is quite different from that of Pahari-Pothwari. There are even more differences between Eastern Punjabi (Gurmukhi) and Pahari/Pothwari. Language is usually classified according to it's grammar. For example, Urdu has many Persian words, however, Urdu's grammar is predominantly Hindi. Hence, you have correctly placed Urdu with Hindi in the central zone of Indo-Aryan languages. Pahari-Pothwari verbs contain Dardic and Indo-Iranian elements. Punjabi, especially Eastern Punjabi does not. Examples: In Pahari (Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Mirpuri) 'shor' is the doing and making verb. Pothwari 'chhor' is the doing and making verb. 'Shor' and 'chhor' are different dialect forms but mean the same. In Steingass's Persian dictionary 'sirishki shor' is 'to shed tears'. See below: http://dsalsrv02.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.3:1:4884... Also, 'khak shor' is used in Steingass's dictionary as follows: http://dsalsrv02.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.2:1:3003... 'Khak' is dust and 'shor' is the one who does the action. Also, 'shar' is the Baluchi equivalent of the Persian 'shor', See below in Dames Baluchi dictionary. http://dsalsrv02.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/romadict.pl?page=131&table=dames-t... Maybe, Pahari-Pothwari can be classified separately in the Northwestern zone of Indo-Aryan languages. They could also be formed as a second branch of Dardic languages. Other Lahnda languages/dialects need looking at. I have lots of other examples. Thank you