Kurumba, Attapady

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Kurumba, Pal Kurumba
Population

1,370 (1991 census).

Location

Kerala State, Palakkad district, Attapady block.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

None known. Separate from Alu Kurumba [xua] and Kurumba Kannada [kfi]. Lexical similarity: 82% with Muduga [udg]; 61%–70% with Irula [iru], 50% with Alu Kurumba [xua], 52% with Kurumba Kannada, 55% with Malayalam [mal], 58% with Tamil [tam].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, village, religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Despite dissimilarity between Kurumba, Muduga [udg], and Irula [iru], each group uses their mother tongue to communicate with each other. Many use Muduga [udg]. Despite dissimilarity between Kurumba, Muduga, and Irula [iru], each group uses their mother tongue to communicate with each other. Also use Malayalam [mal], Tamil [tam].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 32% in Attapady; or 23% (27% men, 15% women), including other Kurumba in Wayanad District (1991 census).
Other Comments

The least developed language group in Attapady. Thudukki variety is reportedly most pure. Hindu, traditional religion.