19,000 (1999). 6,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 28,000 (2000 census).
Northwest Yunnan Province, Lanping, Weixi, Yongsheng, and Lijiang counties; Ninglang county, Xinyingpan district.
SOV; adjectives and numbers follow noun heads; uvular obstruents; initial s + consonant clusters; different vowels from N. Pumi; tonal, 2 tones
Officially classified within Pumi nationality. Buddhist (Lamaist).