19,000 (1999). 6,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 28,000 (2000 census).
Northwest Yunnan Province, Lanping, Weixi, Yongsheng, and Lijiang counties; Ninglang county, Xinyingpan district; western Sichuan Province, Garze Tibetan autonomous prefecture.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Pumi.
SOV; adjectives and numbers follow noun heads; uvular obstruents; initial s + consonant clusters; different vowels from N. Pumi; tonal, 2 tones.