Bunu, Jiongnai


A language of China

Alternate Names
Hualan Yao, Jiongnai, Jiongnaihua, Kiong Nai, Punu, Qiungnai

1,080 (1999 Mao Zongwu). 270 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,500 (Bradley 2007).


East Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Jinxiu Yao autonomous county.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Very different from and unintelligible to surrounding Yao and other Bunu speakers. Lexical similarity: 52% with Bu-Nao Bunu [bwx].

Language Use

Vigorous in most families. All domains. All ages. Neutral attitudes. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], Iu Mien [ium], Lakkia [lbc], or Hmong Njua [hnj].

Language Development
Other Comments

Officially classified within Yao nationality. Ethnonym: Hualan Yao by Han Chinese, Patterned Blue Yao (from womens’ traditional dress). Bunu is a cover term for separate languages. Daoist, traditional religion.