Penang Sign Language


A language of Malaysia


1,000, decreasing. 150 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 2,000.


Peninsular, Pulau Pinang.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Language Use

Home. Mainly older adults. Neutral attitudes. Also use Malaysian Sign Language [xml].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%. Literacy rate in L2: Up to 50% in English.

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Deaf school established 1954, with only oral method. Sign language evolved outside the classroom. Use declined late 1970s due to spread of other sign languages.