Quechua, Ayacucho

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A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Chanka
Population

900,000 (2000 SIL), decreasing. 300,000 monolinguals.

Location

Southwest, Ayacucho and Huancavelica regions; also areas of Apurimac, Junin, Arequipa, Cusco, Ica, and Lima regions.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Recognized language (1993, Constitution, Article 48).

Dialects

Andahuaylas, Huancavelica. Lexical similarity: 96% with Surcubamba, Puquio, and Cusco [quz]. A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Vigorous. Most domains. Written form used in religious services. Negative attitudes. Considered inferior to Spanish [spa]. 600,000 also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. Perhaps 10,000 read it, 2,000 can write it. Oral and written Quechua used in some schools, some universities. Some oral and written in primary education. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1987–2011.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.