Quechua, Ambo-Pasco


A language of Peru

Alternate Names
San Rafael-Huariaca Quechua

90,000 (1998 SIL), decreasing. 20% monolinguals. Ethnic population: 90,000.


Huánuco Region, Ambo Province, Huacar, San Francisco de Mosca, and San Rafael districts. Pasco Region, Pasco province, Chaupimarca, Huachón, Huariaca, Ninacaca, Pallanchacra, San Francisco de Asís de Yarusyacán, Simón Bolívar, Ticlacayán, Tinyahuarca, Vicco, and Yanacancha districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality (1993, Constitution, Article 48).



Language Use

Vigorous in isolated communities; used by very few as L2. Home, fields, community. All ages. Negative attitudes. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. Radio programs. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1993–1997.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.