30,000 (2000 D. Coombs).
Cajamarca Region, Chetilla and Los Baños districts; western dialect: Chetilla district, eastern dialect: Porcón and Cajamarca valley areas; small area of La Libertad Region, west bank of Rio Maranon.
5 (Developing). Recognized language (1993, Constitution, Article 48).
Relatively strong use in 8 to 10 communities. Strong pressure from Spanish in all communities due to secondary schools and gold mining in the area. Many deny its existence (2000 D. Coombs). Home. Mainly adults. Negative attitudes. At least 20,000–25,000 speak a country dialect of Spanish [spa].
Latin script [Latn].