Quechua, San Martín

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A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Lama, Lamano, Lamista, Lamisto, Llakwash Quechua, Motilón, Ucayali
Population

15,000 (2000 SIL), decreasing. 2,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 44,000 (2000).

Location

Amazonas region: Roderigo de Menedez province; Loreto region: one enclave; San Martin region: Lamas, Sisa and other districts, and along Ucayali river.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Recognized language (1993, Constitution, Article 48).

Dialects

Several minor dialects. A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Little transmission to children. Bilingual parents want their children to learn Spanish. Used by shamans in chants. Protestants use it in singing with published hymnbook. Scattered occasional use in religious services apart from singing. Negative attitudes. Most also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 10%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. 1,500 readers, 400 can write. Some oral and a little written Quechua taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1992–2008.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The town of Lamas is cultural center. Traditional religion, Christian.

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