Quechua, Huaylas AncashPrint
336,000 (2000). Less than 20,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 300,000.
Central Ancash Region, Huaraz, Carhuaz, and Caraz provinces; Callejón de Huaylas.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality (1993, Constitution, Article 48).
People in and near the mestizo towns in the valley increasingly proficient in Spanish. Communities at higher elevations maintain use in all domains. Bilinguals working in an office will use mostly Spanish at work. Use of the language in the communities away from and above the mestizo population centers is vigorous (2011 D. Hintz). Home, friends, market, social gatherings. Few children in lower elevation and higher population areas, all children at the higher elevations. Positive attitudes. Recent use in radio programs has had a positive influence on prestige and use. Men more bilingual than women.