Quechua, Puno

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A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Quechua Collao, Quechua Qollaw
Population

500,000. 100,000 monolinguals (2002).

Location

Puno Region; Moquegua Region highland area; small areas also in Cusco and Arequipa regions.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 48).

Dialects

Cailloma Quechua, North Bolivian Quechua. Mutually intelligible of Cusco Quechua [quz] and North Bolivian Quechua [qul], possibly sufficient to understand complex and abstract discourse. A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

All ages. 400,000 also use Spanish [spa]. People in towns and cities mostly want their children to speak Spanish.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 71% (official figure for rural areas). Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1988.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Differs from Cusco Quechua [quz] in borrowing of lexicon and morphology from Aymara [ayr]. Christian (Roman Catholic), Christian (Protestant), traditional religion.