Few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 3,000.
Koshi Zone, Sankhuwasabha district, upper Arun valley west of Arun river, Bala, Yamdang, Tamku, and Sisuwa. Bala dialect: Bala village, Sankhuwasabha VDC; Bumdemba dialect: Sishuwakhola VDC.
6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality (2002, NFDIN Act, No. 20, Section 2C), Rai nationality.
Bala (Balali), Bumdemba. Structurally different from Eastern Mewahang [emg].
SOV; postpositions; 24 consonant and 14 vowel phonemes
The language is nearly extinct in the village of Tamku, the largest settlement in the area, where many ex-Gurkha pensioners live. Home; mixed use: Friends, religion, work. Young adults and older. Some use among children and adolescents. Positive attitudes. Also use Nepali [npi], Kulung [kle], or Lohorung [lbr].
Traditional religion, Hindu.