Rabha

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Rava
Population

165,000 (2001 census). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 374,000 (1993).

Location

West Assam, Darrang, Goalpara, and Kamrup districts; Nagaland; West Bengal, Jalpaiguri and Alipurduar subdivisions; Koch Bihar district, Tafangunj subdivision; Meghalaya, East and West Garo hills districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Maitaria (Maitoria, Maituri), Rangdania (Rongdani). Rongdani is the standard dialect. Lexical similarity: 73% between Maituri and Rongdani. 31%–39% with Koch [kdq].

Language Use

The majority of the ethnic group speaks Assamese [asm] as L1; Rabha spoken only in Rongdani and Maituri. Home, prayer, market, other villages. All ages. Also use Bengali [ben], Garo [grt], Hindi [hin] and English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 30%–50%. High interest in language development. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2000.
Writing
Bengali script. Latin script, preferred by Catholics.
Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion, Hindu, Christian.