800,000 in Myanmar (2012). Due to unrest, numbers are very uncertain. Population total all countries: 1,800,000.
North Rakhine State, Maungdaw and Buthidaung townships; Sittwe and Rathedaung townships. Also in Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Thailand.
Not much contact between dialect groups living in different townships; intelligibility situation is not clear. Dialects differ by river valleys.
About 1,000,000 refugees went to Bangladesh in recent years, the majority of whom have dispersed to other countries. Most refugees in UNHCR-controlled camps in Bangladesh were repatriated back to Myanmar, but many of these have returned to Bangladesh unofficially. Muslim.