19,900,000 in Romania (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 23,782,990.
Widespread. Moldavian dialect: Moldova northeast; Muntenian dialect: Muntenia or Wallachia southeast; other dialects north and west, including Transylvania.
1 (National). Statutory national language (2003, Constitution, Article 13).
Banat, Bayash, Moldavian, Muntenian (Walachian), Transylvanian. Little dialect variation. Bayash are Gypsies whose dialect is based on Banat, but influenced by Balkan Romani [rmn] and Hungarian [hun]. Lexical similarity: 77% with Italian [ita], 75% with French [fra], 74% with Sardinian [sdn], 73% with Catalan [cat], 72% with Portuguese [por] and Rheto-Romance [roh], 71% with Spanish [spa].