Romanian

Print

A language of Romania

Alternate Names
Daco-Rumanian, Moldavian, Rumanian
Population

19,900,000 in Romania (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 23,782,990.

Location

Widespread. Moldavian dialect: Moldova northeast; Muntenian dialect: Muntenia or Wallachia southeast; other dialects north and west, including Transylvania.

Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (2003, Constitution, Article 13).

Dialects

Banat, Bayash, Moldavian, Muntenian (Walachian), Transylvanian. Little dialect variation. Bayash are Gypsies whose dialect is based on Banat, but influenced by Balkan Romani [rmn] and Hungarian [hun]. Lexical similarity: 77% with Italian [ita], 75% with French [fra], 74% with Sardinian [sdn], 73% with Catalan [cat], 72% with Portuguese [por] and Rheto-Romance [roh], 71% with Spanish [spa].

Typology

SVO.

Language Use

5,974,000 also use English [eng]. 4,944,000 also use French [fra].

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1688–1989.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], official usage in Moldova until 1991. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All