Amba

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A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Bulebule, Hamba, Humu, Kihumu, Kuamba, Ku-Amba, Lubulebule, Lwamba, Ruwenzori Kibira, Rwamba
Population

35,600 in Uganda (2002 census), decreasing. Census based on tribal affiliation. Population total all countries: 40,100.

Location

Ruwenzori mountains, Bundibugyo District, Democratic Republic of the Congo border area south of Lake Albert, Beni District, Watalinga and Bawisa subcounties.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Kyanzi (Kihyanzi), Suwa (Kusuwa). Lexical similarity: 70% with Bera [brf], 57%–59% with Kaiku [kkq], Komo [kmw], and Bhele [bhy], 25% with Nande [nnb], 34% with Talinga-Bwisi [tlj].

Typology

7 vowels, 24 consonants; tonal.

Language Use

Due to intermarriage, most Amba children grow up speaking Lubwisi [tlj]. Home. Mostly adults. Positive attitudes. Also use Nyoro [nyo], Talinga-Bwisi [tlj].

Language Development
Literacy campaign in progress. Radio programs. Bible portions.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], used since 2009.

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Kwamba. Glossonym: KiHumu in Democratic Republic of the Congo. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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