Amba

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A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Bulebule, Hamba, Humu, Kihumu, Kuamba, Ku-Amba, Lubulebule, Lwamba, Ruwenzori Kibira, Rwamba
Population

35,600 in Uganda (2002 census), decreasing. Census based on tribal affiliation. Population total all countries: 40,100.

Location

Bundibugyo district: Ruwenzori mountains, Democratic Republic of the Congo border area south of Lake Albert; Beni district: Watalinga and Bawisa subcounties.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Kyanzi (Kihyanzi), Suwa (Kusuwa). Lexical similarity: 70% with Bera [brf], 57%–59% with Kaiku [kkq], Komo [kmw], and Bhele [bhy], 25% with Nande [nnb], 34% with Talinga-Bwisi [tlj].

Typology

7 vowels, 24 consonants; tonal.

Language Use

Due to intermarriage, most Amba children grow up speaking Lubwisi [tlj]. Home. Mostly adults. Positive attitudes. Also use Nyoro [nyo], Talinga-Bwisi [tlj].

Language Development
Literacy campaign in progress. Radio programs.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], used since 2009.

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: Kwamba. Glossonym: KiHumu in Democratic Republic of the Congo. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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