Meskwaki

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Mesquakie, Sac and Fox, Sauk-Fox
Population

200 (2001 I. Goddard). 200 Mesquakie in Iowa, more than 50 Sac and Fox in central Oklahoma, a few Nemaha Sauks on the Kansas-Nebraska border (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 760 Fox (2000 census).

Location

Tama, Iowa. Mesquakie dialect: eastern Kansas-Nebraska border and central Oklahoma; Sac and Fox dialects: Sac and Fox Reservation.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Fox, Mesquakie, Sac. Kansas and Oklahoma groups closely related to Kickapoo [kic] of Oklahoma and Mexico.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Mostly older adults.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Bible portions: 1986–2009.
Writing
Latin script.