Sanskrit

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A language of India

Population

14,100 in India (2001 census). L2 users: 194,000 in India. Total users in all countries: 209,770 (as L1: 14,100; as L2: 195,670).

Location

Uttar Pradesh, Allahabad, Jaunpur, Pratagarh, and Kaushambi districts; Delhi and other urban areas; revival efforts in villages.

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Language Status

4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Typology

SOV; both prepositions and postpositions; noun head final; 3 genders; content q-word in situ; up to 3 prefixes, up to 5 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person, number and genders of subject and object; dual number; non-ergative; tense and aspect; passives and voice; comparatives; non-tonal; 34 consonant, 8 vowels, 2 diphthongs.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 60%–100%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1822.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva]. Myanmar (Burmese) script [Mymr]. Newa script [Newa]. Sharada script [Shrd]. Sinhala script [Sinh].

Other Comments

Classical language of learning and liturgical language.

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