14,100 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 15,770. L2 users: 194,000 in India.
4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).
SOV; both prepositions and postpositions; noun head final; 3 genders; content q-word in situ; up to 3 prefixes, up to 5 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person, number and genders of subject and object; non-ergative; tense and aspect; passives and voice; nontonal; 32 consonant and 15 vowel phonemes.
Classical language of learning and liturgical language.